In May 1858, the Indiana Farmer magazine suggested the following garden chores:
Cabbage -- Remove "old" Early York from hotbed and move to garden; plant Flat Dutch seeds for mid-summer use
Cauliflower -- Sow in deep, rich soil
Peas -- If space is limited, plant dwarf varieties; dwarf peas can be used as edging around the garden; good varieties include Bishop's Dwarf and Tom Thumb
Lettuce -- Sow directly in garden
Sweet corn -- Sow directly in garden
Bush beans -- Sow directly in garden
Radishes -- Sow directly in garden
I was out in my garden this past weekend sowing many of these vegetables. I guess I am right on schedule!
Source: "Kitchen Garden." Indiana Farmer vol. 7 no. 2 (May): 35.